How Many Cricket Teams are there in the World? Listing all the 12 Test-playing nations

There are 108 ICC members, including 12 full members and 96 associate members.

Umaima Saeed
Umaima Saeed

Last Updated: 2023-11-08

Dillip Mohanty

The International Cricket Council (ICC) was founded on June 15, 1909, as the Imperial Cricket Conference, with England, Australia, and South Africa as its inaugural members. Its primary aim was to standardize cricket rules and regulations among the member nations. Over the years, it evolved into the ICC and expanded its membership to include numerous cricket-playing countries. Currently, there are 108 ICC members, including 12 full members and 96 associate members.

Nepal Cricket Squad.jpegFull members, also called Test-playing nations, have the right to field a representative team to participate in official Test matches, the most traditional form of the game. They also have voting rights at meetings conducted by the ICC. These meetings involve crucial decisions about the sport's administration, governance, and regulations. Furthermore, Full members are automatically qualified to participate in ODIs and T20Is. This status provides them with regular opportunities to compete in international cricket.

ICC Full Members

Sr no.Team Full member sinceTest status since Governing body 
1Zimbabwe 6 July 199218 October 1992Zimbabwe Cricket 
2West Indies 31 May 192610 January 1930Cricket West Indies
3Sri Lanka 21 July 198117 February 1982Sri Lanka Cricket 
4South Africa15 June 190912 March 1889Cricket South Africa 
5Pakistan 28 July 195216 October 1952Pakistan Cricket Board 
6New Zealand 31 May 192610 January 1930New Zealand Cricket 
7Ireland 22 June 201711 May 2018Cricket Ireland 
8India 31 May 192625 June 1932Board of Control for Cricket in India
9England15 June 190915 March 1877England and Wales Cricket Board 
10Bangladesh 26 June 200010 November 2000Bangladesh Cricket Board 
11Australia 15 June 190915 March 1877Cricket Australia 
12Afghanistan 22 June 201714 June 2018Afghanistan Cricket Board 
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In contrast, associate members represent countries where cricket has a well-organized structure and a substantial presence but have not yet met the criteria for full membership. These nations do not have the same privileges as full members, particularly regarding Test matches, voting rights, and automatic qualification for ODIs and T20Is. However, they still actively participate in various international competitions and strive to attain full membership status.

List of Associate Members of the ICC

NoCountryGoverning bodyAssociate Member since
1 ArgentinaArgentine Cricket Association1974
2 AustriaAustrian Cricket Association2017
3 BahamasBahamas Cricket Association2017
4 BahrainBahrain Cricket Association2017
5 BelgiumBelgian Cricket Federation2005
6 BelizeBelize National Cricket Association2017
7 BermudaBermuda Cricket Board1966
8 BhutanBhutan Cricket Council Board2017
9 BotswanaBotswana Cricket Association2005
10 BrazilBrazilian Cricket Confederation2017
11 BulgariaBulgarian Cricket Federation2017
12 CambodiaCricket Association of Cambodia2022
13 CameroonCameroon Cricket Federation2017
14 CanadaCricket Canada1968
15 Cayman IslandsCayman Islands Cricket Association2002
16 ChileChilean Cricket Association2017
17 ChinaChinese Cricket Association2017
18 Cook IslandsCook Islands Cricket Association2017
19 Costa RicaCosta Rica Cricket Federation2017
20 CroatiaCroatian Cricket Federation2017
21 CyprusCyprus Cricket Association2017
22 Czech RepublicCzech Cricket Union2017
23 DenmarkDanish Cricket Federation1966
24 EstoniaEstonian Cricket Association2017
25 EswatiniEswatini Cricket Association2017
26 Falkland IslandsFalkland Cricket Association2017
27 FijiCricket Fiji1965
28 FinlandCricket Finland2017
29 FranceFrance Cricket Association1998
30 GambiaGambia Cricket Association2017
31 GermanyGerman Cricket Federation1999
32 GhanaGhana Cricket Association2017
33 GibraltarGibraltar Cricket Association1969
34 GreeceHellenic Cricket Federation2017
35 GuernseyGuernsey Cricket Board2008
36 Hong KongCricket Hong Kong1969
37 HungaryHungarian Cricket Association2017
38 IndonesiaCricket Indonesia2017
39 IranIslamic Republic of Iran Cricket Association2017
40 Isle of ManIsle of Man Cricket Association2017
41 IsraelIsrael Cricket Association1974
42 ItalyItalian Cricket Federation1995
43 Ivory CoastCôte d’Ivoire Cricket Federation2022
44 JapanJapan Cricket Association2005
45 JerseyJersey Cricket Board2007
46 KenyaCricket Kenya1981
47 KuwaitCricket Kuwait2005
48 LesothoLesotho Cricket Association2017
49 LuxembourgLuxembourg Cricket Federation2017
50 MalawiCricket Malawi2017
51 MalaysiaMalaysian Cricket Association1967
52 MaldivesCricket Board of Maldives2017
53 MaliMalian Cricket Federation2017
54 MaltaMalta Cricket Association2017
55 MexicoMexico Cricket Association2017
56 MongoliaMongolia Cricket Association2021
57 MozambiqueMozambican Cricket Association2017
58 MyanmarMyanmar Cricket Federation2017
59 NamibiaCricket Namibia1992
60   NepalCricket Association of Nepal1996
61 NetherlandsRoyal Dutch Cricket Association1966
62 NigeriaNigeria Cricket Federation2002
63 NorwayNorwegian Cricket Board2017
64 OmanOman Cricket2014
65 PanamaPanama Cricket Association2017
66 Papua New GuineaCricket PNG1973
67 PeruPeru Cricket Association2017
68 PhilippinesPhilippine Cricket Association2017
69 PortugalPortuguese Cricket Federation2017
70 QatarQatar Cricket Association2017
71 RomaniaCricket Romania2017
72 RwandaRwanda Cricket Association2017
73 Saint HelenaSt Helena Cricket Association2017
75 Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabian Cricket Federation2016
76 ScotlandCricket Scotland1994
77 SerbiaSerbian Cricket Federation2017
78 SeychellesSeychelles Cricket Association2017
79 Sierra LeoneSierra Leone Cricket Association2017
80 SingaporeSingapore Cricket Association1974
81 SloveniaSlovenian Cricket Association2017
82 South KoreaKorea Cricket Association2017
83 SpainCricket Spain2017
84 SurinameSuriname Cricket Board2011
85 SwedenSwedish Cricket Federation2017
86 SwitzerlandCricket Switzerland2021
87 TajikistanTajikistan Cricket Federation2021
88 TanzaniaTanzania Cricket Association2001
89 ThailandCricket Association of Thailand2005
90 TurkeyTurkish Cricket Board2017
91 Turks and Caicos IslandsTurks and Caicos Cricket Association2017
92 UgandaUganda Cricket Association1998
93 United Arab EmiratesEmirates Cricket Board1990
94 United StatesUSA Cricket1965/ 2019
95 UzbekistanCricket Federation of Uzbekistan2022
96 VanuatuVanuatu Cricket Association2009
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ICC Test-playing nations – an overview

Afghanistan National Cricket Team 

The Afghanistan men's national cricket team represents Afghanistan on the international cricket stage. The Afghanistan Cricket Board (ACB) was established in 1995 with support from the Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB). In 2001, Afghanistan gained affiliate membership with the ICC and in 2003, it became a member of the Asian Cricket Council (ACC). After nearly a decade of active participation in international cricket, Afghanistan reached a pivotal moment on June 22, 2017, when they were granted full ICC Membership.

Bangladesh National Cricket Team

The Bangladesh men's national cricket team became an associate member of the ICC in 1977, before becoming a Full Member in 2000. Their first Test match was against India in November 2000, years after their first ODI in 1986 against Pakistan. Run by the Bangladesh Cricket Board (BCB), the team has made six appearances in the ODI World Cup and eight appearances in the T20 World Cup.

Sri Lankan National Cricket Team

The Sri Lanka men's national cricket team was granted associate membership with the ICC in 1965. A significant milestone was achieved in 1981 when the team was elevated to Test status, becoming the eighth nation in the world to participate in Test cricket. 
Sri Lanka won the Cricket World Cup in 1996 and the ICC T20 World Cup in 2014. They also co-won the ICC Champions Trophy in 2002 with India.

New Zealand National Cricket Team

The New Zealand men's national cricket team became a Full Member in 1926. They played their first Test in 1930 against England, but had to wait until 1956 for their first Test victory, against the West Indies in Auckland.

New Zealand won the inaugural World Test Championship in 2021 and the ICC KnockOut Trophy in 2000. They have participated in two World Cup finals and one T20 World Cup final.

West Indies National Cricket Team

The West Indies men's cricket team, which has been a Full Member of the ICC since 1926, represent the primarily English-speaking nations and territories situated in the Caribbean region. This team is under the governance of Cricket West Indies.

During a significant period spanning from the mid to late 1970s through the early 1990s, the West Indies cricket team held a dominant position in the global cricketing landscape, excelling in both Test and ODI formats.

They have won the ODI World Cup twice in 1975 and 1979, the T20 World Cup twice in 2012 and 2016, and the ICC Champions Trophy once in 2004. Unfortunately, they are not a part of the 2023 ODI World Cup after failing to win the Qualifiers tournament. 

Ireland National Cricket Team

Ireland men’s cricket team became an Associate Member of the ICC in 1993 and Full Member in 2017. They played their historic first Test against Pakistan in May 2018. They have participated in seven editions of the T20 World Cup since 2009, while also appearing in three editions of the ODI World Cup.

Ireland First Test Match.jpegZimbabwe National Cricket Team

Zimbabwe became an Associate Member of the ICC in 1981 and has been a Full Member since 1992. They played their first Test against India in Harare in 1992, and the first ODI against Australia in 1983. They have also participated in nine editions of the World Cup, with their best performances coming in 1999 and 2003, when they reached the Super Six stage.

Pakistan National Cricket Team

The Pakistan national cricket team has been a Full Member of the ICC since 1952. They won their first international trophy, the ODI World Cup in 1992, eight years after which they won the Asia Cup in 2000. In 2009, they won the T20 World Cup, followed by a second Asia Cup win in 2012, and the ICC Champions Trophy in 2017.

Indian National Cricket Team

India acquired the Test status in 1926. They played their first international match on 25 June 1932 in Lord’s against England in a Test. But it was only after 20 years, in 1952, when they won their first Test match.

India have won the Cricket World Cup twice (1983 and 2011), the T20 World Cup once (2007) and the ICC Champions Trophy twice (2002 and 2013). India are also the most successful team in Asia Cup history, having won the tournament eight times, in 1984, 1988, 1990, 1995, 2010, 2016, 2018, 2023, while finishing runners-up in 1997, 2004 and 2008. 

Australian National Cricket Team

Australia, along with England, is the joint oldest team in Test cricket history, having played its first Test in 1876. Known as a cricketing powerhouse, especially in ODIs, Australia have won the ODI World Cup a record five times –1987, 1999, 2003, 2007 and 2015, while appearing in the final of the tournament a record seven times - 1975, 1987, 1996, 1999, 2003, 2007 and 2015.

Until their group stage match against Pakistan at the 2011 World Cup, Australia were undefeated in 34 consecutive World Cup matches. Australia have also won the ICC Champions Trophy twice (2006 and 2009) and the T20 World Cup in 2021.

Australia England First Ever Test Match at MCG.jpegEngland National Cricket Team

The England men's cricket team serves as the representative cricket team for both England and Wales. As mentioned above, England and Australia were the teams that contested the first-ever Test match, which was played from 15th to 19th March in 1877. Additionally, along with South Africa, these nations established the Imperial Cricket Conference, which, over the years, grew into ICC.

The England men's cricket team reached the final of the Cricket World Cup on four occasions, in 1979, 1987, 1992, and most notably, clinched their first World Cup victory in 2019. In addition to their World Cup achievements, they secured the runner-up position in two ICC Champions Trophies, in 2004 and 2013. They also won the T20 World Cup in 2010 and 2022.

South African Cricket Team

South Africa has been a Full Member of the ICC since 1909. South Africa played their first official Test match against England in 1889, becoming the third nation after England and Australia to do so. However, they were excluded from international cricket due to apartheid policies from 1970 until 1991. During this period, they were excluded from all forms of international cricket, including Test matches and the Cricket World Cup.

Following the end of apartheid, South Africa made its return to international cricket in 1991. Their first Test series after reintegration was against the West Indies. Major achievements – winning the 1998 Champions Trophy, reaching the semi-finals of the Cricket World Cup in 1992, 1999, 2007 and 2015, and reaching the semi-final of the 2009 and 2014 T20 World Cup. 

Umaima Saeed
Umaima SaeedSports Writer

Umaima Saeed is a professional sports writer whose articles have been featured in several leading websites. She writes long-form content on sports, particularly cricket. She has a penchant for telling human-interest stories. Umaima has contributed articles on cricket to more than a dozen publications, both in print and online.